In the advent of ESA’s BIOMASS mission it is relevant to synthesize and bring forth the current understanding of challenges and opportunities in monitoring biomass in terrestrial ecosystems to further develop our knowledge of the Earth system. Within ESA’s Earth Explorers, the primary objective of BIOMASS is to improve our understanding on the role of the land biosphere on the global carbon cycle, with clear implications in a context of climate change. The information content in characterizing the spatial and temporal variability in P-band biomass is unprecedented and unique for terrestrial ecosystem studies, especially with what relates to land use change and disturbance dynamics fluxes, ultimately improving the ability to model the global carbon. The mission necessarily embeds challenges across the board, from instrument design, definition of retrieval algorithms and calibration-validation strategies, to downstream data concepts and deployment for a wide diversity of applications. From this perspective, the project aims an project office to synthesize, produce and disseminate relevant information within the German biomass community; identify gaps and investigate solutions within the context of BIOMASS; and establish communication to maintain a necessary dialogue within the broader context of the BIOMASS mission. Within this context, the Project Office BIOMASS particular goals include
- knowledge synthesis and dissemination;
- establishing a data concept;
- gap analysis; and
- outreach activities to a broader public in Germany and also abroad.